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The Art of Composition

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The Art of Composition

Post Number:#1  Postby Nazir Amin » Mon Dec 22, 2008 3:28 pm

Read this at PhotoMalaysia forum. I think this is very good explanation about composition.

Author: Maxby (http://www.photomalaysia.com/forums/member.php?u=101)
Link : http://www.photomalaysia.com/forums/sho ... hp?t=66762

The Art of Composition

Image


For the technically inclined photographers, the art of composition seems to elude them. For those who are artistically inclined, it seems natural. This they said has something to do with the left and right brain.

So what is composition? Composition is like story telling. It starts of with a good subject, adds the background, lead-in, drama and ends with a conclusion. A good story is captivating; it is filled with intrigue and drama.

Just imagine that you have a clean piece of paper, how do you fill it up with the elements in front of you to communicate your message to the viewer?

Composition can be defined as a means of selecting appropriate elements and arranging them within the photo space to communicate one's ideas and feelings effectively to the viewer. Composition can make or break a photo.

When you see a great photo…it didn’t just happen. The photographer would have taken a lot of effort, careful planning and pains to communicate his message to you using his artistic tool…….the camera. It was not a result of throwing together objects or filling the background with details. A great photo does not leave the viewer confused and unsatisfied. A well composed photo will leave the viewer satisfied and wanting for more.

Every photographer approaches any given subject differently. One may like the more romantic approach, while another may want to portray it *realistically. Another may choose to work with different *textures to create a *mood or atmosphere with *contrast for the viewer. Composition allows you to say what you want to say.

In composing your photo, you decide what you want your main point of focus to be. No two photographers will have the same point of view even though they may be at the same scene….some will choose the point of interest larger, clearer, stronger, brighter than it actually appear in real life. In a way the point of interest reflects the cultural background and training one may have.

These are thoughts that should go thru the photographer’s mind:-
1. Determine the subject matter
2. Compose (place) the subject matter in a way that is going to be most effective.
3. Consider what kind of mood it is going to create
4. What emotions is it going to be evoked?
5. What other contents should be in the picture to capture the viewer
6. Will there be anything in the picture that will distract the viewer?
7. Is this the best composition for the subject?

The main elements in composition are:-

A. Cropped ratios
Cameras come in different cropped ratios. Some of the common cropped ratios are 3:2, 4:3, 5:2, 6:4.5, 6x6, 6x7, 6x9, 6x12, 6x17, 4x5, 8x10…etc

The cropped ratios will determine how you would place the subject and how you would tell your story.

B. Depth
Depth gives an illusion of distance or 3D feel to an otherwise 2 dimensional photo. Placing objects behind or in front of the subject should do the trick.


C. Lines
Lines take the viewer’s eyes to the main subject and to the various interesting background of the photo. Lines can be formed by objects within the photo, both discreet and obvious. When a photo is viewed, most people will begin on the bottom left corner, and continue through the photo to the right. A good composed photo will not lead the viewer to keep going right and out of the picture. The lines should lead a viewer thru the photo in a smooth flowing motion.

D. Value and contrast
This is the lightness or darkness of an area, or shape within the photo. This technique is used to create the overall feel or mood of the photo.

E. Space
Space in a photo is the relation between the subject and the things around it. For example one would not like to place the subject at the left edge of the photo and looking at the left edge.

You have noticed that I have left out the “rule of thirds” in this discussion. This is supposed to be the most elementary step in understanding composition.


Read more : http://www.photomalaysia.com/forums/sho ... hp?t=66762

;)
Last edited by Nazir Amin on Mon Dec 22, 2008 3:36 pm, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: The Art of Composition

Post Number:#2  Postby joe » Sat Jan 31, 2009 3:29 pm

good sharing bro~

Thanks!
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Re: The Art of Composition

Post Number:#3  Postby clairvoyant » Sat Jan 31, 2009 4:42 pm

wah! Good information and  knowledge for those involved in photographs. 
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Re: The Art of Composition

Post Number:#4  Postby Ketam » Sat Jan 31, 2009 10:54 pm

Thanks for sharing!!!

B-)
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Re: The Art of Composition

Post Number:#5  Postby Arewhere » Tue Feb 03, 2009 9:02 am

thanks bro...... precious knowledge..... :angel8:
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Re: The Art of Composition

Post Number:#6  Postby O-ring » Tue Feb 03, 2009 11:27 pm

tips yg teramat sangat berguna... thanks for sharing bro!
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Re: The Art of Composition

Post Number:#7  Postby sheik » Thu Feb 05, 2009 9:04 am

nice work.
are we gonna have any session in learning these knowledge. basics to you, but to me, it's a great deal.

or.. something like what CNN might be interested in. ;-)
Last edited by sheik on Thu Feb 05, 2009 9:06 am, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: The Art of Composition

Post Number:#8  Postby mart1njo3 » Thu Feb 05, 2009 10:39 am

yes..yes.. any TT session for photography enthusiast to learn some tips from the sifus ?

cheers
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Re: The Art of Composition

Post Number:#9  Postby Nazir Amin » Thu Feb 05, 2009 8:49 pm

sheik wrote:nice work.
are we gonna have any session in learning these knowledge. basics to you, but to me, it's a great deal.

or.. something like what CNN might be interested in. ;-)


ceh.. pi rahhh...

;)
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Re: The Art of Composition

Post Number:#10  Postby O-ring » Thu Feb 05, 2009 10:57 pm

yes! yes! sokong! sokong! TT cum tuisyen!  ;)
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Re: The Art of Composition

Post Number:#11  Postby syamdive » Wed Feb 18, 2009 12:06 am

The book A Diver's Guide to the Art of Underwater Photography: by Andrea & Antonella Ferrari (same authors for Macrolife Malaysia and Divers Guide to Reef Life) have chapters on framing, lighting & composition. He makes comparison of composition to scenes from films complete with examples. What I like best is his explanation why the pictures in the book (half of them by guest photographers) are considered great e.g. the diagonal lines add perspective, contrasting small subjects against patterned background, motion blur to depict action.

There's also a guide for using compact cameras with great picture examples.

http://www.amazon.co.uk/Divers-Guide-Art-Underwater-Photography/dp/983273102X/ref=sr_1_1?ie=UTF8&s=books&qid=1234885661&sr=1-1
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Re: The Art of Composition

Post Number:#12  Postby Eton Pinky » Wed Feb 18, 2009 9:51 am

sheik wrote:nice work.
are we gonna have any session in learning these knowledge. basics to you, but to me, it's a great deal.

or.. something like what CNN might be interested in. ;-)


Yea laa...
Buat class ala-ala TT Session laa...
Macam ari tu...
Lepak tapi dapat ilmu!
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Re: The Art of Composition

Post Number:#13  Postby Nazir Amin » Wed Feb 18, 2009 10:10 am

syamdive wrote:The book A Diver's Guide to the Art of Underwater Photography: by Andrea & Antonella Ferrari (same authors for Macrolife Malaysia and Divers Guide to Reef Life) have chapters on framing, lighting & composition. He makes comparison of composition to scenes from films complete with examples. What I like best is his explanation why the pictures in the book (half of them by guest photographers) are considered great e.g. the diagonal lines add perspective, contrasting small subjects against patterned background, motion blur to depict action.

There's also a guide for using compact cameras with great picture examples.

http://www.amazon.co.uk/Divers-Guide-Art-Underwater-Photography/dp/983273102X/ref=sr_1_1?ie=UTF8&s=books&qid=1234885661&sr=1-1


I have the book.. True, very good explanation on how the picture made(composition, lighting bla bla bla.). And the book so thick (mcm buku teks sekolah dulu)

PinkStarfish;
Sheikh will organize one for you...hehehehe

;)
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Re: The Art of Composition

Post Number:#14  Postby Eton Pinky » Wed Feb 18, 2009 12:22 pm

Nazir Amin wrote:
syamdive wrote:The book A Diver's Guide to the Art of Underwater Photography: by Andrea & Antonella Ferrari (same authors for Macrolife Malaysia and Divers Guide to Reef Life) have chapters on framing, lighting & composition. He makes comparison of composition to scenes from films complete with examples. What I like best is his explanation why the pictures in the book (half of them by guest photographers) are considered great e.g. the diagonal lines add perspective, contrasting small subjects against patterned background, motion blur to depict action.

There's also a guide for using compact cameras with great picture examples.

http://www.amazon.co.uk/Divers-Guide-Art-Underwater-Photography/dp/983273102X/ref=sr_1_1?ie=UTF8&s=books&qid=1234885661&sr=1-1


I have the book.. True, very good explanation on how the picture made(composition, lighting bla bla bla.). And the book so thick (mcm buku teks sekolah dulu)

PinkStarfish;
Sheikh will organize one for you...hehehehe

;)

Please do!
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